Analyses and risk assessment of endocrine disruptors in products for pregnant women and children

The aim of the project was to carry out chemical analyses, hazard-, exposure- and risk assessments substance-by substance and/or combined for selected endocrine disruptors and suspected endocrine disruptors in products for pregnant women and children.

Survey of chemical substances in consumer products No. 189

The exposure scenarios were established for pregnant women (unborn child), toddlers under 3 years of age and children aged 3 years. In the risk assessments, the total exposure from both consumer products and other products such as food, food contact materials and pharmaceuticals is included. Furthermore, the assessments have been made both when it is assumed that a threshold can be set, DNEL, and when it is assumed that a safe threshold cannot be set, DMEL. In both cases, assessments have been made with and without the use of an additional safety assessment factor, MAF.

In total, 73 screening analyses, 40 quantitative analyses and 24 migration analyses have been carried out for products used by pregnant women and children. This includes analyses of toys, mobile covers, teethers, dummies, watch straps, textiles and leave-on cosmetic products. Control analyses have also been carried out for the migration of BPA from toys and the content of parabens in cosmetic products.

The result was, that all 6 substances (BHT, BHA, BPA, propylparaben, butylparaben and D4) have been evaluated as endocrine disruptors. 

In one sunscreen for children a risk cannot be rejected, while other products do not individually present a risk of endocrine disrupting effects substance by assuming a lower threshold for the 6 substances.

When the added exposure is assessed or when MAF is included with a threshold or a safe threshold is assumed not to be assessed, with and without MAF, there may be a risk of endocrine disrupting effects.

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