Miljøprojekt nr. 1561, 2014

Assessment of potentials and limitations in valuation of externalities

With special focus on Environmental Profit and Loss


The objective of this study is to review the application of the EP&L approach using the companies PUMA and Novo Nordisk as case studies. It follows from the case studies, that  monetary valuations of environmental impacts may provide a valuable overview of the societal footprint of the business upstream activities on human welfare and also that the EP&L is a powerful method of communicating and raising awareness on the environmental and societal cost of doing business.  

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