Pesticides Research, 84, 2004

The Effects of Selected Pyrethroids on Embryos of Bombina bombina during different Culture and Semi-field Conditions


The developmental effects of esfenvalerate on the fire-bellied toad Bombina were studied at different temperatures and in different media. Additionally, the effect studies were prolonged in order to include recovery experiments of the tadpoles after transfer to a fresh medium without the pesticide with the purpose of studying the possible effects that could arise in the metamorphosis 6-7 weeks after the exposure to esfenvalerate. In addition developmental toxicity effects of four pyrethroids, sprayed simultaneously onto an artificial pond, on embryos of Bombina bombina were studied.

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